The true finches are passerine birds in the family Fringillidae.
They are predominantly seed-eating songbirds.
Most are native to the Northern Hemisphere, but one subfamily is endemic to the Neotropics, one to the Hawaiian Islands, and one subfamily monotypic at genus level is found only in the Palaearctic.
The scientific name Fringillidae comes from the Latin word fringilla for the Common Chaffinch (Fringilla coelebs)a member of that last subfamily which is common in Europe.
Scientific name: Fringillidae
Higher classification: Passerida
Lower classifications: Hawaiian honeycreeper, Rosefinch, Himatione, Carduelis, Fringillinae.